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Get A Color That Can Spice Up Your Back Deck - 03 May 2018 01:30

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The majority of us want our houses to appear nice. This is something which is quickly done if you are ready for a bit of hard work and creativity. By applying splashes of color, it is simple to take your outside deck or patio, and jazz it up. It may merely take your creative thinking to perk up the outdoor living spaces, by purchasing a few accent pieces that will make a bold statement. With a bit of time, energy and imagination even second hand items can be given a new lease of life. Continue reading and discover several methods to make your deck an enjoyable place to gather.

If your patio needs repainting, it is a good first step in your remodeling project to clean and then paint or stain it. This is a good way to start with your color co-ordinations, like a bright color on your fence posts. You could then work with another color for the line around the deck. Utilizing your creative thinking you can spice it up any way you want. Decks tend to be all about looks and this is especially important when entertaining guests. You can get some inexpensive furniture that comes in the colors that match everything you have already chosen. A colorful bar cart looks good in one of the corners with some glassware that is bright acrylic.

If you have some aged furniture that is wickerwork, you can change its look with its own paint job. Even better, you might get really creative and try painting a pattern using acryllic paint that can be top-coated with protective varnish. Locate an oblong pot or a galvanized bucket, that you'll be able to paint a bright color with some design on the side. You'll be able to use this just for a fancy bucket for ice, for all that you need cooled. You should keep food apart from the surface, unless of course you are using paint that is safe for food. Make use of natural objects and surroundings to inspire your patterns and colors, for instance a seashore theme with pale blues, yellows and greens is eye catching. A coffee table top with slats could be enhanced using 3 or 4 different shades of color. Colors are solely a matter for your personal taste and the overall effect you want to achieve.

The outside of your home doesn't have to be boring, so paint garden sheds something colorful, along with window boxes and trim. Another way to become creative is to fix up colored lights for your deck area. Strings of colored lights are generally lots of fun together with lanterns both of which can be placed on trees or wooden beams. A lot of people have bought common white vinyl furniture before and you may be one of them. To make it match your brand new deck or patio colors you can paint it with a paint specially manufactured for vinyl. Get some new cushions and your chairs will be just like brand new. Choosing your colors carefully before you start to get the overall look right is very important. Needless to say, we all have differing likes and preferences which means that color schemes may turn out with pastel shades or vivid and bold colors. Get familiarized with design schemes out there to inspire your own backyard renovation project.

Notice The next blog is designed for general advice and even though it is up to date at time of writing you can always go to my web site for the up to date information on 5 star decking. - Comments: 0

Solar Energy Hints From The Experts In The Field - 01 May 2018 01:03

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When it comes to solar energy, there is no question that it is great for the environment. After all, you are using a renewable energy source that isn't going anywhere anytime soon. However, there are a number of factors to consider when installing solar panels in your home. The following article will serve to aid you in that department.

If you're thinking about installing solar panels to generate your own electricity, make sure that the roof you'll be installing them on gets plenty of good sunlight. Good sunlight occurs between 9am and 3pm. You'll generate the most electricity if your roof receives full, exposed sunlight between those hours every day.

Find out if your local energy provider offers meter rollback programs. Once you have a solar energy system, you should consider joining one of these programs so you can sell the energy you produce to the main grid and draw the same amount of energy instead of purchasing an expensive battery system to store your power.

Rebates and incentives from the government are a great way to help your solar panels more affordable. It can be expensive to install solar energy systems, but there are ways to make it a bit cheaper. Do your research and you may find great programs that offer rebates, grants or other incentives to help you get the solar power equipment to get you started. Such incentives can reduce your initial costs greatly. There are many different incentives for changing over to green energy.

If you don't want to or can't go for full solar power, at least consider a solar water heating system. Many regional and community governments offer financial incentives, rebates and tax credits for even doing this, just like they do for full solar installations. Check with your local government before doing anything to know the perks.

What size solar system do I need for my home?

If you are thinking about having a solar system installed, make sure that your home or business is suited for it. Sometimes the layout of the roof will not accommodate the proper angle for maximum energy production. Talk to more than one company to ensure the contractor is being honest about your solar situation.

Look into the warranties of the solar panels you are considering. A quality solar panel should have a warranty for twenty years or more. If you don't get that with the panels you are considering, then move in a different direction. It may cost a little more, but it'll be worth it for the peace of mind.

If you are building a vacation, rental or retirement home in a rural area, solar power can make a lot of sense. It can spare you the cost of a power line being routed to your home. At the very least it can give you some power in the case of local grid outages, as rural areas have power restored far more slowly than what you might be used to in a city.

You can clean your panels yourself, but make sure to have someone out once or twice during the year to look them over. During this inspection, your technician will ensure all connections are tight, the angle of your panels are correct and the power inverter is working properly.

We rely heavily in the United States on foreign energy sources, especially oil. This is money that is going to another country. By making the switch to solar energy you are helping to reduce the US's dependence on foreign energy, and helping to keep the earths natural resources from becoming ultimately depleted.

Carefully calculate the dollar/watts ratio of any solar panel before making the final purchase. Technology is moving fast and you should judge your decision based on the standards of the current market. The panels that produce more wattage are the panels that typically cost more, but a high-wattage yesterday may not be as significant today.

Solar panels are responsible for much more than producing light in your home. They can heat up the water, as well. Therefore, using solar panels can significantly decrease your monthly utility bills. ) the energy costs you pay the electric company for every month.

Before getting a solar energy system, look at the shade that's close to your home. If your home is fully shaded most of the day, solar panels might not be the best option. Deep shade may interfere with the performance of your solar energy panels.

Now that you've read the article above, you should have a better understanding of how solar energy works. As you now know, solar energy isn't for everyone, and there are many cases in which it won't make financial sense. Use the information provided to aid you in your decision as to whether you should install solar panels in your home or not. - Comments: 0

The Need For Using Solar Panels - 30 Apr 2018 14:00

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Attention The following item is meant for general information and although it is up to date at the time of posting you can always go to my website for the current info on solar australia.

solar australia

Approximately a hundred years ago, there was a man who attempted to use the power of the sun to run his machinery. His intent was to start the equipment and then maintain them by utilizing steam from the hot sunshine. This invention inspired other scientists to look for their own solutions to make use of the sun's energy. Because of their efforts, there are lots of devices that use a number of natural and green resources for power.

Solar panels have become popular as an effective way to convert sunshine into energy. From the beginning of time the earth has been warmed by the sun, and today the heat is being attracted by particular devices, for instance solar panel systems. The sun's heat is transformed into power that machines can make use of. Sunlight can be used to create energy in an effective way, through the use of solar power panels. This is noticeable in the way in which solar energy panels are used to operate such things as satellites, calculators and even space ships. The main purpose of the solar panel nowadays is to transform the light from the sun into electricity. These solar power panels can generate electricity using photovoltaic cells.

Certainly you've seen solar energy panels on homes or the tops of buildings, and also noticed the various shapes and sizes. A lot of energy efficient gadgets utilize solar power panels and the shape of these panels are round, rectangular and square. As more study is being done on our natural resources, such as the sun, more things are being made that meet the needs of our way of life. The sun has been a wonderful resource for years, and with the developments being made, it is anybody's guess what it may very well be used for down the road. We made such wonderful progress in the last hundred years, we can look ahead to another century of great advancement.

In the beginning of the use of solar energy panels, there was a great deal of trial and error in the production. This made utilizing solar panel systems as a natural way to heat and power your home or business quite pricey. Nevertheless, as time went on, solar panels became more and more cost-effective as the cost to make them became more cost effective. Nonetheless, the heat and electricity being generated by traditional means is still more affordable than solar. While the initial cost to put in a solar panel system is high, you'll save money in the long run.

You will always have energy so long as the sun is shining, so the location where you live is vital. You shouldn't have any troubles with not having power during non-sunny days considering that the excess energy made during sunny days are stored. - Comments: 0

Taking Affiliate Marketing to the Next Level with Advan - 26 Apr 2018 10:28

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If you want to implement an effective program in affiliate marketing, you will need to do certain things to expand your base of customers. Continue reading to learn how to maximize the efforts of your affiliate marketing program.

Email is an effective marketing tool that can be used to benefit your business. Invite your customers to join your email list any time that you sell a product. Do not require it though. Keep the process of signing up easy by simply asking for their name and email address. Make your sure your emails are informative and relevant to your site. You should get an email list software to send out emails to a large group of people. Send out emails whenever you plan to offer a sale or discount; you might also include a link to relevant product information or articles. To sweeten the deal for potential email subscribers, put up a notice that email subscribers will receive additional promotional offers. Send thank you notes to your customers.

Market research, such as finding out what your intended customers are looking for and what your competitors are offering, is very important. You can go to a competitor's website and pretend to be a customer to see how they act toward you. Solicit feedback from your visitors and customers in the form of surveys. Do not be afraid to try new tactics that have the potential for long-term success.

To become prosperous at affiliate marketing, you have to continue to look for new customers and find different ways to get their attention. You should keep in touch with new and old customers. The following are tips that will help you achieve the goal of reaching out to new customers, without losing your current ones. - Comments: 0

Take Care Of The Garden In Early Spring - 25 Apr 2018 17:48

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http://www.thetutuguru.com.au/service/delivery/

Spring is upon us and it is the perfect time to start working in your garden. During the winter, the garden didn't need very much care. Even so, spring activities in the garden are quite numerous and needs to be done carefully. With a bit of organization and the appropriate tools, you could have a dream garden to take pleasure in all summer and even during the autumn.

Because it is the beginning of spring season, it is recommended that you plant new seeds in planning for the upcoming months. Regardless of your personal skill of gardening, this information will help you to strengthen your skills and knowledge. We're going to now look at a number of tips on how to look after your garden during this magical month.

1) The new buds that develop in spring need to have sunlight to flourish so remove any dead branches to ensure that they are exposed to it.

2) Monitor the earth and ask yourself the subsequent questions. What happens to be the pigment of this soil? Does your soil appear as though it demands more or a reduced amount of fertilizer? If the wintertime rains have washed away some of your soil, you may need to add more. You can get various types of soil in the online stores, just for seedlings, plants, green palm trees or other garden plants.

3) It is recommended that you plant your grass lawns for your lawn within the beginning of spring. For lawn, you can find seeds that grow equally well in the cover from the sun as in the sun. In order to have flowers that bloom regularly I then recommend you look at sowing calendula or poppies. If you don't feel like going to your neighborhood store, you can usually log on to their website or give them a call and have it delivered within two days.

4) In order to keep your new plants and seedlings healthy, always remember that they need enough fertilizer (for nutrients) and water to grow effectively. Although you can buy fertilizer that's often used for all plants and trees, it is recommended that you purchase specific types for your different plants as they all have very specific needs (especially roses and new seedlings). Some fertilizer is merely effective during specific seasons so make certain you check before you buy. Instead get one which you can use all throughout every season.

5) To help deal with the invasion of bugs, put together an anti-insect solution together (this can be bought from your local store) and apply it to your plants.

Garden accessories can potentially add a lovely touch to your already beautiful garden. You have to speak to your local gardening store to get some ideas. A pink flamingo might remind you about Alice in Wonderland and a potted plant in the form of a crocodile will be an entertaining detail of the landscape. To get a lovely garden even when it's dark, you can plant some flowers that light up using LED's in alternating colors and run on batteries. Include some other unique items, use your friends gardens as ideas and create the perfect spring garden.

This item is intended for general advice and although it is correct at time of posting you can always go to the posters web site for the latest information on http://www.thetutuguru.com.au/service/delivery/. Thankyou - Comments: 0

From sunlight to electricity, we call it Freeticity – Y - 24 Apr 2018 20:01

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Original Article here http://energis.com.au/sunlight-electricity-call-freeticity-yes-right-free/

Energis Smart Energy Solutions


Have you always wondered how solar power works? The principle is simple: convert sunlight into electricity. Solar energy is 100% clean, free and inexhaustible as long as the sun shines (which means another 4.5 billion of years at least). Any commercial or residential organisation can use their roof space to produce their own electricity and it as simple as that:

1/ Solar panels

The panels capture the sunlight and convert it into DC current. How? To make it simple, solar panels contain photovoltaic cells made of silicon (semiconductor materials). When the sunlight strikes onto the panels, it knocks the electrons off the silicon. The electrons start moving around, creating direct current energy (DC).

2/ The inverter

DC electricity cannot be used by common appliances nor fed into the grid. It needs to be converted into alternating current first (AC). The inverter runs the DC current through a transformer to convert it into AC current, usable by the standard appliances. Learn more about the best solar inverters in the market here.

3/ The meter

The meter records your energy use. When a solar PV system is installed, the meter may need to be changed to a smart meter. This is because a solar installation meter does not only measure the energy use, but also the surplus of energy exported into the grid and the electricity imported from the grid (during night time for example).

4/ Electricity networks (Grid)

The electricity produced but not used is sent to the grid and will be used by the utility company. Not only you save money by generating your own electricity, but any power fed back into the grid will be credited on your next electricity bill.

What happens at night?

Solar panels work only during daytime. When the installation doesn’t produce energy, the electricity is supplied by the main power grid as usual. To reduce the grid consumption even more, the solar power installation can feature batteries storage. The electricity produced but not used is stored in the battery. When the battery is fully charged, the electricity is fed into the grid. Learn more about the grid-connected energy storage here.

Thinking of going solar? Call Energis today on 1300 782 27 or email your bills to ua.moc.sigrene|ae#ua.moc.sigrene|ae and our team of experts will give you a free quote - Comments: 0

How To Be Successful With Internet Marketing - 21 Apr 2018 14:04

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If you are not using internet marketing to pull in more traffic to your online business, you should start. Once you have finished reading this article, you will be able to understand the basics of internet marketing and to develop your own marketing plan.

Some people notice that certain websites have links at the bottom of each of its pages. These links are commonly referred to as site-wide links. It can be good to you if you have a particular page you want your customers to see. In order to convince them to buy a certain product, have a list of products on this page. Site-wide links essentially need to be organized. You want your site to look professional, and to do this, visitors to your page should be able to find what they are looking for in the least amount of time possible. Always offer concise but clear descriptions of a page's content and keep the links organized in an easy to follow way.

Knowing how and when to use meta tags is a crucial piece of any website. Any person visiting your website cannot view meta tags which have been used. However, all search engines will read the tags and analyze them to decide what site content you have. Make the first meta tag the most important, as it is most relevant to your site. Never use too many meta tags, and use alternative tags when necessary. To get the most out of your meta tags, you will need to do research. Remember this for the most powerful marketing of your site.

You can use these when creating descriptions for pictures, or in headings. The site will be easier for users and web spiders due to this format. Always make sure that you incorporate keywords in your headings and descriptions.

Promote your services by using methods you have never tried. There are many SEO "best practices" that have emerged, but there is no need to slavishly stick to them. Internet culture regularly adopts a new video or website that becomes a 'buzz' or goes 'viral'. The majority of 'buzz' does not last long, but it could end up increasing your sales if a video ends up viral. There is no magical formula that will tell you what is likely to go viral. You should just focus on making unique content that is very humorous, and convince everyone you come in contact with to share it on their social media sites. Watch videos so you can find what appeals to the general internet user.

Of course, there are many more internet marketing tips that can be added to the advice in this article. Try out the tips discussed here and then look for additional tips to take your Internet marketing efforts to the next level. - Comments: 0

Asbestos Exposure & Risk of Developing Asbestos Related - 17 Mar 2018 18:35

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Asbestos is a naturally occurring rock forming mineral silicate in fibrous form belonging to the serpentine and amphibole groups. It occurs naturally in large deposits on every continent in the world. There are six types of naturally occurring asbestos fibres of which only three have been used commercially in Australia. These included the serpentine: Chrysotile (white asbestos); and the amphiboles: Crocidolite (blue asbestos) and Amosite (brown or grey asbestos). The other three non-commercially used amphiboles included Tremolite, Actinolite and Anthophyllite.

Asbestos has been used in the ancient world of the Egyptians, Greeks and Romans. It is believed that as early as 4000 BC, asbestos fibres were used for wicks in lamps and candles. Between 2000-3000 BC, embalmed bodies of Egyptian pharaohs were wrapped in asbestos cloth. The Greeks and Romans documented the harmful effects of asbestos fibres on those who mined the silken material from ancient stone quarries noting a “sickness of the lungs” in slaves who wove asbestos into cloth.

The commercial use of asbestos commenced in the late 1800s in Australia in four main industries including Mining and Milling; Building & Construction (for strengthening cement and plastics, for insulation, fireproofing and sound absorption); Ship Building (eg. insulation of boilers and steampipes) and the Automotive Industry (eg. vehicle brake shoes, gaskets and clutch pads).

There were over 3000 products (Asbestos Containing Materials or ACM) manufactured with asbestos fibres. The ACM fall into two broad categories: friable and non-friable (or bonded).

‘Friable’ is ACM that can be easily reduced to powder when crushed by hand, when dry. These materials can contain higher percentages of asbestos fibres and are easily or more likely to release airborne fibres into the environment with minimal disturbance. As such, they pose a greater risk to health. Friable materials must only be handled and removed by an asbestos removalist with Class A Asbestos Removal Licence. Examples of friable asbestos-containing materials include sprayed on fire retardants, insulation (eg. millboard, pipe insulation), sound proofing, the lining on some old domestic heaters, stoves and hot water systems and associated pipe lagging, the backing of sheet vinyl and linoleum floor coverings, thermal lagging, some vermiculite.

‘Non-friable’, or bonded ACM is used to refer to ACM in which the asbestos is firmly bound in the matrix of the material. These materials are unlikely to release measurable levels of airborne asbestos fibre into the environment if they are undisturbed. Therefore, they generally pose a lower risk to health. However, activities that may abrade the ACM such as drilling, grinding have the potential to release higher concentrations of airborne asbestos fibres into the environment. The non-friable ACM are mainly made up of asbestos fibres together with a bonding compound (such as cement), and typically contain up to 15 per cent asbestos. Non-friable ACM are solid, quite rigid and the asbestos fibres are tightly bound in the material. Non-friable ACM are the most common in domestic houses. They are commonly called ‘fibro’, ‘asbestos cement’ and ‘AC sheeting’. Examples of non-friable ACM include asbestos cement products (flat, profiled and corrugated sheeting used in walls, ceilings and roofs, moulded items such as downpipes) and vinyl floor tiles.

While asbestos is a hazardous material it can only pose a risk to health if the asbestos fibres become airborne in respirable size, are inhaled and lodge deep into the lungs (in the alveoli). Inhalation is the main route of entry to the body. Respirable fibres are fibres that are more likely to reach the small airways and alveolar region of the lung and are defined as having a length of more than five microns, and an aspect ratio (length/width) greater than 3:1.

Asbestos is classified according to the Globally Harmonised System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) as Carcinogenicity Category 1A (May cause cancer).

There are several asbestos related diseases that may result from the exposure to asbestos which depends on factors such as fibre type; size and shape of fibres; concentration of asbestos fibres in the inhaled air and period of time over which the person was exposed. The asbestos related diseases include:

Asbestosis

Pleural plaques

Malignant mesothelioma of the pleura and peritoneum

Lung cancer

Benign asbestos pleural effusion

Progressive pleural fibrosis (diffuse pleural thickening)

Transpulmonary bands (crow’s feet)

Rounded atelectasis

All asbestos related diseases have a latency period that is the period commencing from the time of the exposure to the asbestos fibres first occurred until symptoms of a disease show. This may range from 10 – 50 years for the asbestos related diseases.

Workplace exposures to asbestos fibres first occurred while mining asbestos, manufacturing asbestos containing products or using those products during the construction of buildings. Currently, the main source of exposure to asbestos fibres is during the maintenance, renovation or demolition of old buildings with asbestos containing materials.

workplace noise survey

Asbestos containing materials are subject to environmental weathering which causes them to breakdown and release asbestos fibres. Low levels of airborne asbestos fibres are encountered in the environment from the breakdown of asbestos products. Environmental weathering of asbestos cement sheets in roofing and wall cladding, disturbance of asbestos from a variety of building materials like insulation and asbestos release to air from clutches and brakes in cars and trucks results in asbestos fibres being dispersed in the environment.

According to Australian Government Department of Health website, we are all exposed to low levels of asbestos in the air we breathe every day. Ambient or background air usually contains between 10 and 200 asbestos fibres in every 1000 litres (or cubic metre) of air (equivalent to 0.01 to 0.20 fibres per litre of air). However, most people do not become ill from this exposure, because the levels of asbestos present in the environment are very low. Most people are also exposed to higher levels of asbestos at some time in their lives; for example, in their workplace, community or home. However, for most people, this kind of infrequent exposure is also unlikely to result in any ill effects.

Safe Work Australia states that “the typical environmental background in outdoor air is 0.0005 fibres/ml and 0.0002 fibres/ml in indoor air. The daily inhalation volume for an average adult is 22 m3 or 22000 litres. This means 5500 fibres are breathed/day by the average person (proportion of time spent indoors = 20 hours/day). Despite this the general population does not contract asbestos related disease in significant numbers. The background rate of mesothelioma is less than one per million per year. By comparison, the annual death rate for a 40 year old male in 2008 was 1.6 per thousand or 1600 per million. However, there is no absolutely safe level of exposure to asbestos fibres.

Most people who develop asbestos related diseases were workers who have worked on jobs where they frequently breathed in large amounts of asbestos fibres. As an example, construction workers using unsafe practices in the past may have frequently encountered asbestos fibre levels significantly higher than those levels found in the background. The current workplace exposure standard (time weighted average (TWA) over an eight-hour period) is 0.1 fibres/millilitre of air (100 fibres per litre which is between 500 and 10,000 times the background levels). In the past, workers in asbestos milling or mining often encountered fibre concentrations a million times higher than background levels. In 2011, 606 deaths were caused by mesothelioma and 125 deaths were caused by asbestosis in Australia.

Family members of exposed workers or those who lived close to active asbestos mines in the past are also at risk. A worker exposed to asbestos fibres or a home renovator can carry asbestos fibres on their clothing, boots, skin, hair and tools. Everyone should be alert to ensure they do not become exposed to these fibres.

A very small number of asbestos-related disease cases occur each year in people who have not worked with asbestos products. The low number of cases makes it difficult to determine the exact cause of the disease or the likely exposure event, but unsafe handling of asbestos materials in the home may have contributed to some of these cases.

The uncontrolled disturbance of asbestos containing materials must be avoided at any time to prevent the release of airborne asbestos and increase the risk of exposure to airborne asbestos fibres. The exposure to airborne asbestos fibres should be reduced to as low as reasonably practicable by managing asbestos containing materials in-situ and adopting safe work practices as required by the Work Health & Safety Regulations and Safe Work Australia Codes of Practice “How to Manage & Control Asbestos In the Workplace”: and “ How to Safely Remove Asbestos”.

If you require assistance in asbestos inspection, asbestos testing or asbestos assessment contact SESA on 02 8786 1808.

First posted here https://www.sesa.com.au/15-asbestos/asbestos-exposure-risk-of-developing-asbestos-related-disease.html - Comments: 0

Asbestos Exposure & Risk of Developing Asbestos Related - 17 Mar 2018 09:45

Tags:

Asbestos is a naturally occurring rock forming mineral silicate in fibrous form belonging to the serpentine and amphibole groups. It occurs naturally in large deposits on every continent in the world. There are six types of naturally occurring asbestos fibres of which only three have been used commercially in Australia. These included the serpentine: Chrysotile (white asbestos); and the amphiboles: Crocidolite (blue asbestos) and Amosite (brown or grey asbestos). The other three non-commercially used amphiboles included Tremolite, Actinolite and Anthophyllite.

Lead Paint Testing

Asbestos has been used in the ancient world of the Egyptians, Greeks and Romans. It is believed that as early as 4000 BC, asbestos fibres were used for wicks in lamps and candles. Between 2000-3000 BC, embalmed bodies of Egyptian pharaohs were wrapped in asbestos cloth. The Greeks and Romans documented the harmful effects of asbestos fibres on those who mined the silken material from ancient stone quarries noting a “sickness of the lungs” in slaves who wove asbestos into cloth.

The commercial use of asbestos commenced in the late 1800s in Australia in four main industries including Mining and Milling; Building & Construction (for strengthening cement and plastics, for insulation, fireproofing and sound absorption); Ship Building (eg. insulation of boilers and steampipes) and the Automotive Industry (eg. vehicle brake shoes, gaskets and clutch pads).

There were over 3000 products (Asbestos Containing Materials or ACM) manufactured with asbestos fibres. The ACM fall into two broad categories: friable and non-friable (or bonded).

‘Friable’ is ACM that can be easily reduced to powder when crushed by hand, when dry. These materials can contain higher percentages of asbestos fibres and are easily or more likely to release airborne fibres into the environment with minimal disturbance. As such, they pose a greater risk to health. Friable materials must only be handled and removed by an asbestos removalist with Class A Asbestos Removal Licence. Examples of friable asbestos-containing materials include sprayed on fire retardants, insulation (eg. millboard, pipe insulation), sound proofing, the lining on some old domestic heaters, stoves and hot water systems and associated pipe lagging, the backing of sheet vinyl and linoleum floor coverings, thermal lagging, some vermiculite.

‘Non-friable’, or bonded ACM is used to refer to ACM in which the asbestos is firmly bound in the matrix of the material. These materials are unlikely to release measurable levels of airborne asbestos fibre into the environment if they are undisturbed. Therefore, they generally pose a lower risk to health. However, activities that may abrade the ACM such as drilling, grinding have the potential to release higher concentrations of airborne asbestos fibres into the environment. The non-friable ACM are mainly made up of asbestos fibres together with a bonding compound (such as cement), and typically contain up to 15 per cent asbestos. Non-friable ACM are solid, quite rigid and the asbestos fibres are tightly bound in the material. Non-friable ACM are the most common in domestic houses. They are commonly called ‘fibro’, ‘asbestos cement’ and ‘AC sheeting’. Examples of non-friable ACM include asbestos cement products (flat, profiled and corrugated sheeting used in walls, ceilings and roofs, moulded items such as downpipes) and vinyl floor tiles.

While asbestos is a hazardous material it can only pose a risk to health if the asbestos fibres become airborne in respirable size, are inhaled and lodge deep into the lungs (in the alveoli). Inhalation is the main route of entry to the body. Respirable fibres are fibres that are more likely to reach the small airways and alveolar region of the lung and are defined as having a length of more than five microns, and an aspect ratio (length/width) greater than 3:1.

Asbestos is classified according to the Globally Harmonised System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) as Carcinogenicity Category 1A (May cause cancer).

There are several asbestos related diseases that may result from the exposure to asbestos which depends on factors such as fibre type; size and shape of fibres; concentration of asbestos fibres in the inhaled air and period of time over which the person was exposed. The asbestos related diseases include:

Asbestosis

Pleural plaques

Malignant mesothelioma of the pleura and peritoneum

Lung cancer

Benign asbestos pleural effusion

Progressive pleural fibrosis (diffuse pleural thickening)

Transpulmonary bands (crow’s feet)

Rounded atelectasis

All asbestos related diseases have a latency period that is the period commencing from the time of the exposure to the asbestos fibres first occurred until symptoms of a disease show. This may range from 10 – 50 years for the asbestos related diseases.

Workplace exposures to asbestos fibres first occurred while mining asbestos, manufacturing asbestos containing products or using those products during the construction of buildings. Currently, the main source of exposure to asbestos fibres is during the maintenance, renovation or demolition of old buildings with asbestos containing materials.

Asbestos containing materials are subject to environmental weathering which causes them to breakdown and release asbestos fibres. Low levels of airborne asbestos fibres are encountered in the environment from the breakdown of asbestos products. Environmental weathering of asbestos cement sheets in roofing and wall cladding, disturbance of asbestos from a variety of building materials like insulation and asbestos release to air from clutches and brakes in cars and trucks results in asbestos fibres being dispersed in the environment.

According to Australian Government Department of Health website, we are all exposed to low levels of asbestos in the air we breathe every day. Ambient or background air usually contains between 10 and 200 asbestos fibres in every 1000 litres (or cubic metre) of air (equivalent to 0.01 to 0.20 fibres per litre of air). However, most people do not become ill from this exposure, because the levels of asbestos present in the environment are very low. Most people are also exposed to higher levels of asbestos at some time in their lives; for example, in their workplace, community or home. However, for most people, this kind of infrequent exposure is also unlikely to result in any ill effects.

Safe Work Australia states that “the typical environmental background in outdoor air is 0.0005 fibres/ml and 0.0002 fibres/ml in indoor air. The daily inhalation volume for an average adult is 22 m3 or 22000 litres. This means 5500 fibres are breathed/day by the average person (proportion of time spent indoors = 20 hours/day). Despite this the general population does not contract asbestos related disease in significant numbers. The background rate of mesothelioma is less than one per million per year. By comparison, the annual death rate for a 40 year old male in 2008 was 1.6 per thousand or 1600 per million. However, there is no absolutely safe level of exposure to asbestos fibres.

Most people who develop asbestos related diseases were workers who have worked on jobs where they frequently breathed in large amounts of asbestos fibres. As an example, construction workers using unsafe practices in the past may have frequently encountered asbestos fibre levels significantly higher than those levels found in the background. The current workplace exposure standard (time weighted average (TWA) over an eight-hour period) is 0.1 fibres/millilitre of air (100 fibres per litre which is between 500 and 10,000 times the background levels). In the past, workers in asbestos milling or mining often encountered fibre concentrations a million times higher than background levels. In 2011, 606 deaths were caused by mesothelioma and 125 deaths were caused by asbestosis in Australia.

Family members of exposed workers or those who lived close to active asbestos mines in the past are also at risk. A worker exposed to asbestos fibres or a home renovator can carry asbestos fibres on their clothing, boots, skin, hair and tools. Everyone should be alert to ensure they do not become exposed to these fibres.

A very small number of asbestos-related disease cases occur each year in people who have not worked with asbestos products. The low number of cases makes it difficult to determine the exact cause of the disease or the likely exposure event, but unsafe handling of asbestos materials in the home may have contributed to some of these cases.

The uncontrolled disturbance of asbestos containing materials must be avoided at any time to prevent the release of airborne asbestos and increase the risk of exposure to airborne asbestos fibres. The exposure to airborne asbestos fibres should be reduced to as low as reasonably practicable by managing asbestos containing materials in-situ and adopting safe work practices as required by the Work Health & Safety Regulations and Safe Work Australia Codes of Practice “How to Manage & Control Asbestos In the Workplace”: and “ How to Safely Remove Asbestos”.

If you require assistance in asbestos inspection, asbestos testing or asbestos assessment contact SESA on 02 8786 1808.

First posted here https://www.sesa.com.au/15-asbestos/asbestos-exposure-risk-of-developing-asbestos-related-disease.html - Comments: 0

Asbestos Exposure & Risk of Developing Asbestos Related - 17 Mar 2018 01:08

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Asbestos is a naturally occurring rock forming mineral silicate in fibrous form belonging to the serpentine and amphibole groups. It occurs naturally in large deposits on every continent in the world. There are six types of naturally occurring asbestos fibres of which only three have been used commercially in Australia. These included the serpentine: Chrysotile (white asbestos); and the amphiboles: Crocidolite (blue asbestos) and Amosite (brown or grey asbestos). The other three non-commercially used amphiboles included Tremolite, Actinolite and Anthophyllite.

Asbestos has been used in the ancient world of the Egyptians, Greeks and Romans. It is believed that as early as 4000 BC, asbestos fibres were used for wicks in lamps and candles. Between 2000-3000 BC, embalmed bodies of Egyptian pharaohs were wrapped in asbestos cloth. The Greeks and Romans documented the harmful effects of asbestos fibres on those who mined the silken material from ancient stone quarries noting a “sickness of the lungs” in slaves who wove asbestos into cloth.

The commercial use of asbestos commenced in the late 1800s in Australia in four main industries including Mining and Milling; Building & Construction (for strengthening cement and plastics, for insulation, fireproofing and sound absorption); Ship Building (eg. insulation of boilers and steampipes) and the Automotive Industry (eg. vehicle brake shoes, gaskets and clutch pads).

There were over 3000 products (Asbestos Containing Materials or ACM) manufactured with asbestos fibres. The ACM fall into two broad categories: friable and non-friable (or bonded).

‘Friable’ is ACM that can be easily reduced to powder when crushed by hand, when dry. These materials can contain higher percentages of asbestos fibres and are easily or more likely to release airborne fibres into the environment with minimal disturbance. As such, they pose a greater risk to health. Friable materials must only be handled and removed by an asbestos removalist with Class A Asbestos Removal Licence. Examples of friable asbestos-containing materials include sprayed on fire retardants, insulation (eg. millboard, pipe insulation), sound proofing, the lining on some old domestic heaters, stoves and hot water systems and associated pipe lagging, the backing of sheet vinyl and linoleum floor coverings, thermal lagging, some vermiculite.

‘Non-friable’, or bonded ACM is used to refer to ACM in which the asbestos is firmly bound in the matrix of the material. These materials are unlikely to release measurable levels of airborne asbestos fibre into the environment if they are undisturbed. Therefore, they generally pose a lower risk to health. However, activities that may abrade the ACM such as drilling, grinding have the potential to release higher concentrations of airborne asbestos fibres into the environment. The non-friable ACM are mainly made up of asbestos fibres together with a bonding compound (such as cement), and typically contain up to 15 per cent asbestos. Non-friable ACM are solid, quite rigid and the asbestos fibres are tightly bound in the material. Non-friable ACM are the most common in domestic houses. They are commonly called ‘fibro’, ‘asbestos cement’ and ‘AC sheeting’. Examples of non-friable ACM include asbestos cement products (flat, profiled and corrugated sheeting used in walls, ceilings and roofs, moulded items such as downpipes) and vinyl floor tiles.

While asbestos is a hazardous material it can only pose a risk to health if the asbestos fibres become airborne in respirable size, are inhaled and lodge deep into the lungs (in the alveoli). Inhalation is the main route of entry to the body. Respirable fibres are fibres that are more likely to reach the small airways and alveolar region of the lung and are defined as having a length of more than five microns, and an aspect ratio (length/width) greater than 3:1.

Asbestos is classified according to the Globally Harmonised System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) as Carcinogenicity Category 1A (May cause cancer).

There are several asbestos related diseases that may result from the exposure to asbestos which depends on factors such as fibre type; size and shape of fibres; concentration of asbestos fibres in the inhaled air and period of time over which the person was exposed. The asbestos related diseases include:

Asbestosis

Pleural plaques

Malignant mesothelioma of the pleura and peritoneum

Lung cancer

Benign asbestos pleural effusion

Progressive pleural fibrosis (diffuse pleural thickening)

Transpulmonary bands (crow’s feet)

Rounded atelectasis

All asbestos related diseases have a latency period that is the period commencing from the time of the exposure to the asbestos fibres first occurred until symptoms of a disease show. This may range from 10 – 50 years for the asbestos related diseases.

Workplace exposures to asbestos fibres first occurred while mining asbestos, manufacturing asbestos containing products or using those products during the construction of buildings. Currently, the main source of exposure to asbestos fibres is during the maintenance, renovation or demolition of old buildings with asbestos containing materials.

Asbestos containing materials are subject to environmental weathering which causes them to breakdown and release asbestos fibres. Low levels of airborne asbestos fibres are encountered in the environment from the breakdown of asbestos products. Environmental weathering of asbestos cement sheets in roofing and wall cladding, disturbance of asbestos from a variety of building materials like insulation and asbestos release to air from clutches and brakes in cars and trucks results in asbestos fibres being dispersed in the environment.

According to Australian Government Department of Health website, we are all exposed to low levels of asbestos in the air we breathe every day. Ambient or background air usually contains between 10 and 200 asbestos fibres in every 1000 litres (or cubic metre) of air (equivalent to 0.01 to 0.20 fibres per litre of air). However, most people do not become ill from this exposure, because the levels of asbestos present in the environment are very low. Most people are also exposed to higher levels of asbestos at some time in their lives; for example, in their workplace, community or home. However, for most people, this kind of infrequent exposure is also unlikely to result in any ill effects.

Safe Work Australia states that “the typical environmental background in outdoor air is 0.0005 fibres/ml and 0.0002 fibres/ml in indoor air. The daily inhalation volume for an average adult is 22 m3 or 22000 litres. This means 5500 fibres are breathed/day by the average person (proportion of time spent indoors = 20 hours/day). Despite this the general population does not contract asbestos related disease in significant numbers. The background rate of mesothelioma is less than one per million per year. By comparison, the annual death rate for a 40 year old male in 2008 was 1.6 per thousand or 1600 per million. However, there is no absolutely safe level of exposure to asbestos fibres.

Safety & Environmental Services Australia

Most people who develop asbestos related diseases were workers who have worked on jobs where they frequently breathed in large amounts of asbestos fibres. As an example, construction workers using unsafe practices in the past may have frequently encountered asbestos fibre levels significantly higher than those levels found in the background. The current workplace exposure standard (time weighted average (TWA) over an eight-hour period) is 0.1 fibres/millilitre of air (100 fibres per litre which is between 500 and 10,000 times the background levels). In the past, workers in asbestos milling or mining often encountered fibre concentrations a million times higher than background levels. In 2011, 606 deaths were caused by mesothelioma and 125 deaths were caused by asbestosis in Australia.

Family members of exposed workers or those who lived close to active asbestos mines in the past are also at risk. A worker exposed to asbestos fibres or a home renovator can carry asbestos fibres on their clothing, boots, skin, hair and tools. Everyone should be alert to ensure they do not become exposed to these fibres.

A very small number of asbestos-related disease cases occur each year in people who have not worked with asbestos products. The low number of cases makes it difficult to determine the exact cause of the disease or the likely exposure event, but unsafe handling of asbestos materials in the home may have contributed to some of these cases.

The uncontrolled disturbance of asbestos containing materials must be avoided at any time to prevent the release of airborne asbestos and increase the risk of exposure to airborne asbestos fibres. The exposure to airborne asbestos fibres should be reduced to as low as reasonably practicable by managing asbestos containing materials in-situ and adopting safe work practices as required by the Work Health & Safety Regulations and Safe Work Australia Codes of Practice “How to Manage & Control Asbestos In the Workplace”: and “ How to Safely Remove Asbestos”.

If you require assistance in asbestos inspection, asbestos testing or asbestos assessment contact SESA on 02 8786 1808.

First posted here https://www.sesa.com.au/15-asbestos/asbestos-exposure-risk-of-developing-asbestos-related-disease.html - Comments: 0


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